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Proper construction of houses and cottages.

When people accept that they are ready to start building the house, often in front of them there is a question, build a cottage on the model, as in all the project or order their own individual, unlike any other project.

The latter project will cost much more expensive than model, but in it you can realize all the wishes of the customer. Before our time all the world’s architectural masterpieces performed by the individual, spectacular projects. And why we can’t, if we have enough money? For those people who can afford to build a wonderful house on own project, the question of the construction of the house, there is no standard design.

However, most people opt for cottage building a model project, as the construction will cost a lot less money, and a typical house is built faster. Currently, there is a very large selection of construction companies that will offer you hundreds of cottage projects of various types. This diversity of projects you need to select your type of project suitable for the price, just for you. Construction of the house can be associated with the acquisition of the car. Depending on the operation of the vehicle, you can buy an expensive or cheaper option.

If you need a car for the daily drive to work, then you choose a cheap, budget, modest option, if you go to soirees of respectable people, you would prefer an expensive option. Also, with a choice of a country house, the family, which has an average prosperity, will build it on a standard project, the proposed one-storey stone and wooden houses, which have a small area for development. At the same time rich people are ready to build a multi-level vacation home with a variety of architectural buildings in the style in which they want to see it. What materials will be built this house, will co-host and architect solution.

From all saying above, question arises. And if a house was built on one of the model projects is it possible to consider it as the individual? Again, you can refer to the example of the machinery. When you have to stand in a traffic jam of cars did you see exactly the same cars? No, because each car has its own finish from the inside and the outside, not mention the stamps. The same can be said about the construction of cottages. Of course, there are no rules without exceptions, somewhere may be the same type of structure, reminiscent the twins, but you’re not going to build a house there? Therefore, a typical garden project for you can be considered individually.

Construction company “Piggott & Whitfield” will turn an empty plot in a cozy picturesque place for you and your family. It will diagnose and prepare site, build your dream home, hold any landscape works according to your wishes.

Construction, like many other industries are not standing still. Constantly appearing on the market modern building materials give the customer enough before a difficult choice. What material to build a house from? Professionals – employees of the construction company “Piggott & Whitfield” providing a service “construction of cottages and turnkey houses” not only explain in simple terms and advise as appropriate to use one or the other material for the building, but also offers a number of proven ones such as: clay building tile, brick, gas block or foam block.

Piggott & Whitfield” is a building services company able to not just build a cottage or house. It can build a comfort for you.

Customer Attraction In Swedish Gambling

According to an aspiring, yet already successful Swedish gambling reviewer “Apnet Casino“, the local institutions pay close attention to customer retention and new players engagement aspects, taking into account a relatively cheaper price of gaining such customers.

Therefore, there are situations when potential gamblers attend the casino to enjoy a fairly major sporting event, e.g. horse racing or boxing match. This is where German casino owners will hardly miss an opportunity to create awareness about the institution. Demonstration and promo materials: posters, information on the scoreboard and the arena, flyers – the arsenal of savvy businessmen is quite impressive. Non-direct advertising can also take place in other public events such as the opening of new branches of companies. Another German trend is advertising their establishments through inviting famous musical groups, parodist, magicians, as well as hosting numerous presentations and events. Such activity does not interfere with people engaged in adrenaline-rich sessions, plus it attracts regular visitors who come to see the concert, and can end the evening at the gaming table. However, along with crowds of people, attracted by the event, among the negative qualities can also be listed a short period of validity of this method: it’s not necessarily that after the concert the amount of visitors in an institution will significantly grow.

Also, among the important marketing tools that aim at attraction of new players in Germany should be listed public statements about the unusually large prize or winnings with special prizes such as cars, exclusive vacations, and others.

For regular players, the retention methods include the following activities:

  • Launching programs to increase the number of returned newcomers after the first visit;
  • Initiating programs of awarding customers souvenirs, gifts;
  • Launching special programs to celebrate various parties (in this case, the institution will cover any food or all the drinks ordered); paid vouchers for leisure and etc.
  • Starting programs to press for increase in customer loyalty.

German casino players are notified of these programs mainly by e-mail, and it should be noted that the method demonstrates impressive efficiency – nearly 25% of the total customers are interested in getting regular updates. As incentives to improve attendance special events are organized, aimed at increasing the adrenaline of the players through offering sky-high payouts in a short period of time, celebration of family holidays with friends, birthday parties and etc.

Advertising of gambling establishments is primarily aimed at reminding the players that the casino is in business and that the customers are always welcome; yet, of course, marketing specialists do not put much hope on the sudden rise in the level of attendance by the outdoor advertising.

PR- casino programs aim at increasing interest to them through the media, where the main principle of operation is the slogan ‘the bad news is good news’ , so an average casino will publicly advertise both big wins its visitors managed to earn and fraud actions, since the old rule declares that curiosity attracts visitors.

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Bathroom Walls Finishings: Considering The Best Solutions

Painting the walls in the bathroom is a kind of finish is just as popular as the cladding tiles. You can paint the walls in a color that you like best, painted surfaces are easy to combine with other popular types of finishes, plus you can use a variety of nifty decorative elements. Moreover, painting the walls in the bathroom is a more cost-effective option against the background of typically costly tiles. However, if you are looking to get a results that will please you for long years to come, you should better pay attention to more expensive and high-quality paint products.

It should be noted that a direct hit of streams or drops of water should be avoided in any type of coating, even in case of the highest quality paints. Therefore, for the finishing of the surfaces that are constantly in contact with water, you should better consider other finishing materials: for example, ceramic tiles or plastic panels. The paint for the bathroom must be water-resistant by default, so you can maintain its aesthetic attractive appearance.

Moisture resistant paints: the benefits

Virtually any type of water-resistant paint can be applied in bathroom. These modern coatings are designed so that not only they are resistant to high humidity, but also comply with generally accepted standards of hygiene. The advantages of moisture resistant coatings are expressed as follows:

  • Ease of use, quick and problem-free application, including practically instantaneous drying;
  • Durability and resistance to aggressive environments;
  • The composition, which is distinguished by environmental friendliness and lack of negative impact on the human body;
  • The antibacterial, antifungal additives that prevent occurrence of mold and fungal spores.

Reconstituted variety of colors

The nowadays market offers lots of various paint products for building materials. But, unfortunately, not all of them meet the high standards that dictate such facilities as a private bathroom. What variety of colors it’s worth paying attention to alkyd enamels and water-resistant paints. Alkyd enamel is a universal paint: it is oftentimes utilised in exterior works and is even capable of protecting the metal from corrosion. This type of paint is produced by such industry innovators as Britannia, specialising in exterior wall coatings materials production. It is distinguished by such features as water resistance and quick drying. Alkyd enamel application is characterised by oxidation, forming a thin layer that does not leave ugly streaks on the surface; this layer perfectly repels moisture. That is why the walls painted with alkyd enamels, easily withstand exposure to water and do not react to the application of various detergents. Therefore, the room, painted with this kind of waterproof paint is very easy to keep clean and tidy.

Water-resistant paints, which many prefer, are based on acrylic or vinyl polymers. Thanks to this combination such paints may outperform latex, alkyd and enamel solutions. Latex paint composition doesn’t feature organic solvents, this finishing material is a guarantee of safety for human health. Latex materials, unlike enamel ones, are odourless.

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Law Enforcement & Resolving Conflicts

Experts are convinced that the situation where the rights can not be implemented, or protected, it is much worse than when the rights are not provided at all. Authors, developers and other rights holders invest in their efforts basing on certain expectations. If they are not met, not only damage is done to the creativity, but to innovation and social order as well.

Particular attention is paid to online violations, the phenomenon that acquired a mass character, because innovators fear that masses may be the main reason behind the collapse of their business or concept.

The scale of violations is associated with ease and free copying/distribution of products, sufficient anonymity activities on the Internet, as well as the confidence of many users that their specific actions are lawful. Thus, according to a study Consumer Focus and UMIP, University of Manchester branch responsible for intellectual property consulting and management, published in February 2014, 70% of consumers do not know that copyright law allows to copy or record. 44% peer-to-peer users are convinced that their actions are lawful. And many do not think piracy is an ethical problem.

Estimates of the level of piracy in different researchers is very different, because the common techniques are not developed and set in a place yet, so to their results should be treated with caution. According to the report of Digital Music Nation in 2013, the volume of illegal downloading of music in the UK accounted for 62% of total downloads, while the report MidemNet as of 2010 claims the level of pirated downloads is estimated at 13%.

The report contains a table of data on levels of piracy, collected by different researchers, showing that in relation to other intellectual property agreement is not reached. Here are some figures.

  1. The level of piracy of feature films, television programs:

– 2010: 14% of users illegally download movies and software over P2P services;

– 2008-09: 29% of consumers watch pirated DVD, 21% download illegal files.

  1. With respect to games software:

– 2008-09: 14-16% of users, respectively, forwarding (file-sharing) illegal files;

– 2007-08: In Europe, 40-35% of users, respectively, own at least one illegal copy of the game.

  1. With respect to books

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Fake or not? Choosing a ball valve.

Thanks to the reliability and durability of ball valves the market demand is constantly growing. However, the other side of the medal is that high demand always generates the production of poor quality and fake products, the use of which puts in jeopardy the operation of the entire complex. And this is where a logical question arises – how to distinguish a fake from the original?

The demand for ball valves increases due to the excellence of their design, strict control of the chemical composition of materials and manufacturing technology. A counterfeit manufacturers ignore all these factors and, under the guise of well-known brands, creating something that looks like the original.

Production materials matter

Ball valves, or at least the valve body must be made of brass, which is regulated by the composition corresponds to the national standard. As a rule, such standards provide a zinc content of 60%, lead content in the range 0.8-1.9%, and 57-60% of copper. Fake valves are typically made of non-ferrous scrap, and nobody actually cares about the percentage of metals. As a result, for example, the lead content can be up to 5 – 7%, and it is harmful to human health.

Another type of forgery is the use of a cheaper material for body – zinc. The use of such equipment poses certain risks. Due to the increased fragility it can crack during mechanical action or differential pressure. Add to this the impact of chlorine water on the zinc (a solution which is formed from chlorine and zinc – zinc chloride is carcinogenic), whereby products become thinner and less reliable. There are valves made of aluminum and their body is quite thin – 0.5 – 1mm, while reputable manufacturers stick to wall thickness of no less than 2 mm.

Production methods

But this is not limited to ways to save at forging cranes. Leading manufacturers of ball valves made by hot forging or hot pressing. In order to save counterfeits produce castings. Therefore, they differ from the original products uneven surface of the housing, the influx, and the material has a heterogeneous structure whereby poor reliability. Ball valves, too fake, not producing them in brass and stainless steel, so they rust and leak disappears crane. A crane branded manufacturers pay great attention to the rotary valve. Brass balls exposed diamond grinding, and then they are coated with nickel or chromium. As a result, the ball gets a perfect mirror surface. We forged a spherical surface dull and rough.

Experts say that there are fake, where construction cranes modified to reduce the cost of production at the expense of quality.

It is best to buy a ball valve at the official distributors of these firms. Thus, for example, if you are looking to purchase Orseal products, you should better order a shipping through sales representatives, or, as an option, you may want to look Orseal ball valves and industrial ball valves online. If it is not possible, you can call the official distributor and ask whether the reseller you are going to deal with is on the list. Manufacturers on Internet sites often place drawings of the products and put descriptions, so by checking the original labels, the size, weight and dimensions of this or that product you can understand whether it is a genuine quality product or a fake one.

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The Goals and objectives of directional borehole drilling

The configuration of the borehole is defined by a good number of aspects, with the most crucial among them as follows:

  • The type of the site: whether a single well or well cluster is planned to be built;
  • The drilling obstacles
  • The location of the filter (vertical, inclined or horizontal).

The configuration of the borehole should provide:

  • High quality of operation;
  • Minimum load on the drilling equipment during tripping operations;
  • Free passage of instruments and devices through the borehole;
  • Reliable operation of downhole equipment;
  • The ability of applying the methods of simultaneous operation of multiple horizons in multilayer deposits;
  • The minimum cost of works.

When drilling directionally the profile of boreholes should have a predetermined grid of field development as well as an economically rational number of wells in the area. The aim of directional drilling is to hit the calculation downhole in a predetermined point of the reservoir. As a rule, this point is set on the roof of the producing formation and is the center of range of tolerance.

Directional drilling is successfully applied in a variety of industries and appreciated by industry experts for:

  • Broad range of usage – oil and gas excavation in industrial, residential and natural areas;
  • Savings of land and forests allocated for the construction of a drilling station;
  • Cost savings for the construction of foundations, access roads, power lines, communications and pipelines;
  • Reducing the cost and time for construction and installation;
  • Effective in case of mounting sinking shafts on oil reservoirs, lying under salt domes, due to the difficulty of drilling: erosion of salt deposits, the deterioration of the mud, lost circulation, cutting rock drilling and casing, stuck pipe due to the formation of crystallization coat, etc .;

The basics of directional wells design

Design configuration of directional wells implies selecting the type and profile view, in determining the necessary parameters:

  • The depth and wellbore deviation from the vertical;
  • The length of the vertical section;
  • Limiting values of the radii of curvature and zenith angles of the borehole in the range of installation and operation of downhole equipment, design and depth.

The directional wells configurations are selected according to:

  • Purpose of the well;
  • Geological and technological features of the wiring;
  • Establishing restrictions on the zenith angle of the borehole in the range of installation and operation of downhole equipment associated with its design features and operating conditions;
  • Limits on the angle of the borehole depth.

The project for the construction of directional wells drilling includes all the standard aspects for the process: geological and technical-technological substantiation of the coordinate space of emplacement and target depth, well and filtering construction, surface equipment and drilling tools, drilling modes different intervals, technology of productive layers and completions opening.

The entire cycle of project implementation can be carried out by a single company: thus, if you are looking to delegate directional borehole drilling, consider the option of partnering with European Geophysical Services. The savvy geophysics business, boasting a talented and proficient staff as well as an affordable pricing model, is involved in Wireline logging for more than 10 years, demonstrating decent results and making hundreds of customers happy.

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UK drink driving guidelines

Since breathalyzer’s was added to the arsenal of road police in 1967, authority sources have been to a great degree unwilling to distribute any figures on the measure of liquor one can take in order not to exceed the 80 mg lawful point of confinement for driving. The purpose behind this is that they feel it will urge drivers to the farthest limit. However, in the real world digestion of alcohol is different in each person – thus a glass of whiskey on rocks will have a different effect in young woman and an elderly man and the reaction with high precision is hard to predict. Perhaps, it will work in your case and you’ll keep it way below the norm; however, you may consume an extra glass or two and they will push you way above the limit – the edge is vague.

Obviously, everybody realizes laws are designed to sets out points of confinement, not preclusions. This is communicated in the famous insight that the farthest point measures up to two pints. This can be deluding, however, the fact is not deprived of truth. Speaking in general, a man of average weight drinking two pints of conventional quality brew of 4% alcohol or less, will hardly exceed the legitimate 80 mg breaking point (it is highly will likely to reveal the highest mark of 60 mg).

Mentioned below is an endeavor to express this concentration in rather more detail. The information is aggregated from a good number of resources: from the Automobile Association and Solicitors Guru (one of the most prominent platforms providing legal assistance on speeding penalties and DUI, click here to find a solicitor) to real stories of those who gave breath specimen. However, the essential source is The Facts about Drinking and Driving booklet, distributed by the Transport and Road Research Laboratory in 1986, which apparently can be viewed as quite informative and comprehensive. Be that as it may, these rules are not an announcement of truth, and must not be taken as a certification of keeping beneath as far as possible in any specific circumstances.

Liquor is typically measured in units of 10ml of liquor. This is the measure of liquor contained in a half-pint of 3.5% lager, 25ml of spirits, or a little 125ml glass of light table wine.

The rate of assimilation of liquor into the blood system is flighty and relies on upon various variables, for example, the level of hydration, the kind of mixed beverage devoured and whether sustenance is eaten in the meantime. As a wide dependable guideline, the liquor in a beverage is completely ingested around an hour after the beverage is done.
The rate at which liquor is metabolized and expelled from the circulation system is somewhat more unsurprising, and midpoints out at one unit for each hour, beginning one hour after the first drink is done. Be that as it may, the body’s limit to metabolize liquor is limited, and is restricted to around 16-20 units for each day.

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Portland Cement Alternatives

In some cases it is advisable to use binders cheaper than Portland cement and its species. These binders are building lime (air and hydraulic types), gypsum binders and liquid glass.

Building lime is obtained by firing calcium-magnesium carbonate rock at 900 – 1200°C, without bringing the material before sintering. The raw material for the manufacture of building lime are rocks in which structure is dominated by calcium carbonate (CaC03) and magnesium (MgC03): chalk, limestone, dolomite and marly limestone. These formations may be in admixture of clay in varying amounts (up to 20%), which affects the quality of the roasting binder. When the content of clay of 6% is obtained in air lime, and if the carbonaceous feedstock contains 6 – 20% as for argillaceous impurities, hydraulic lime can be obtained.

In the process of roasting carbonate rocks are decomposed by the reaction of CaCO3 = CaO + C02 under the influence of heat. Carbon dioxide is removed from the furnace together with combustion products. The same pattern is actual for MgC03 dissociation.

The main product of firing – air lime – thus consists of calcium and magnesium oxides. Depending on the ratio of CaO/MgO air lime is divided into the following types: calcium, dominated CaO magnesian (MgO 5 to 20%) and dolomite (MgO in the range of 20 … 40%). The most high-calcium include air lime. Quicklime and slaked (hydrated) lime air should also be considered. Quicklime, which consists of CaO and MgO is known in two types: lump (pieces of 10 – 20 mm) and hammer.

Slaked lime, which is most often used in construction by proven, innovative agencies, such as a UK-based Telling Comapny, widely utilising hydraulic lime and lime mortar solutions, is obtained by acting on the lump quicklime with water: CaO + H20 = Ca (OH) 2. The process is accompanied by the release of heat in large amounts – up to 1160 kJ/kg. Lime mass of strongly heated, and large lumps spontaneously disintegrates into fine particles with a size of 5 – 20 microns (less than that of Portland cement). Air lime is the only mineral binder, which can be ground and not only by mechanical, but also by chemical means.

Taking the lump lime mixing different amounts of water, get different types of hydrated lime. Hydrated lime is a very thin and light powder, which is formed by slaking a relatively small amount of water (1 part water to 1 part of lime). By consistently increasing the amount of water lime paste, milk of lime and lime water is prepared.

Lime putty has a high ductility, which is caused by the content of ultrafine particles of Ca (OH) 2 of 0.02 … 0.5 mm. This particular feature of the test is used for the plasticizing of mortars. The main indicators of air lime quality is the content of active oxides of calcium and magnesium, as well as unslaked grains. The higher the content of CaO + MgO, the more plastic lime paste and higher grade lime. Unslaked particles are available in two types: incomplete combustion and burnout.

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Lifting Equipment – A Comprehensive Look

The performance of primary and secondary manufacturing operations, comprehensive mechanization and automation of production processes in all areas of the economy would be unthinkable without the use of a wide range of lifting equipment. Modern in-line technology and automated production lines, interdepartmental intrashop transport, loading and unloading operations in warehouses and trans-shipment points are organically linked with the use of various types of lifting systems – transport machines and mechanisms to ensure the continuity and rhythm of production processes. Therefore, the use of this equipment largely determines the efficiency of modern production and the level of mechanization of technical production – degree of excellence and productivity.

With modern production intensity can not ensure its steady rhythm without a coherent and reliable operation of the means of transportation of raw materials, semi-finished and finished products at all stages of processing and storage.

There is a wide variety of lifting machines designed for all kinds of operations: vertical and horizontal transportation, at any distance and weight. The crane device typically consists of a series of successive operations: the capture of a single piece of cargo,lifting, moving to the necessary position and getting back to the starting position to capture the next cargo and its subsequent lifting and moving.

Lifting and moving can be performed both continuously and sequentially (cycles). The correct choice of the lifting equipment is a major factor in normal operation and high efficiency. Modern high-lifting machines with high speed and increased load capacity keep on popping out in the market due to a high demand. Thus, Granada Material Handling, a seasoned manufacturing, lifting equipment inspection and lifting equipment services expert business, reports of 12% increase in line-up positions since the year of 2012.

Powerful hydraulic jacks

Hydraulic jacks, as the name implies, run on liquid. These jacks are different in design and feature an actuator. Its main bearing elements: a body extendable piston (plunger) and a working fluid (usually hydraulic oil). The housing is a guide for the piston cylinder and a reservoir for the working fluid. Strengthening of the crank handle is transmitted through the lever on the fuel pump. When moving up liquid from the reservoir is fed into the cavity of the pump and is pumped into the pressing cavity of the working cylinder, pushing the plunger.

The advantages of hydraulic jacks include rigidity, stability, smoothness, braking precision, large capacity, compact, little effort on the drive handle, high efficiency (0.75-0.8). Hydraulic device allows you to lift loads with a minimum height of almost a base structure. It expands the scope of its application as compared with the mechanical jacks. Disadvantages are quite significant as well: low speed, low altitude ascent in one working cycle, design complexity. Another difficulty is inability to accurately adjust the height lowering. Furthermore, such jack is subjected to way more serious breakages in comparison with mechanical lifting devices. In addition, this type of equipment is offered at a considerably higher price.

 

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Plasma Waste Recycling: On The Edge Of Revolution

Humans are extremely good at turning the world around them into huge volumes of waste – at least this is something that numbers say. Thus, an average US citizen produces around 2.3 kilos of trash daily – with a certain degree of accuracy we can say that almost a ton of waste is produced by an average American annually.

What sort of waste do people produce?

The main types of waste produced globally can be divided into hazardous, conventional and medical categories. Roughly 75% of the global waste produced by people is conventional waste, mainly household junk, comprised of plastic, metals, glass and paper. In most of the highly-developed economies a better part of household waste is thoroughly recycled (e.g. Singaporeans boast 82% recycle efficiency), nevertheless, landfill and the outdated incineration still account for a certain part of the process. Thus, even conventional type includes plenty of toxic elements: batteries, circuits (containing hard metals) and etc. Not all the subtypes of waste can be processed without releasing more contaminants as a result of their treatment.

How do we take care of it

With the population increase, we are slowly turning the planet into the wasteland, so is there any way out? Yes, recycling seems to be the right direction, but good enough for those things that are easy to manage. What shall we do with zillions of those smartphones, laptops or tons of toxic medical waste? Landfilling becomes too pricey and naturally, too obsolete. Incineration? It is too 20 century as well, the no-less damaging effect for the environment excludes its further development in the age of information.
However, it seems that we can still see the light in the end of the tunnel: plasma recycling (also known as ‘plasma gasification’ and ‘plasma waste recycling) promises to solve the problem in the nearest decades in a truly effective way. Although it demands further improvement and development, it works already and demonstrates considerable efficiency enhancement trends.

The technology implies creating an area heated to thousands degrees capable of turning solid waste into gas, with almost zero level emissions.

The innovators and commercial interest

Can you imagine that all the waste dumps are the ready to be used sources of energy? With optimised business processes and financial aspects, something that is actively developed by commercial structures, this can become our reality in some 10 – 20 years. The innovators like Simdean, concentrating their efforts on industrial waste disposal, plasma waste disposal and researching, have designed a neoteric system that ultimately eliminates hazardous waste while cutting down emissions to nothing and minimising operational expenses to a newer level make another vital step into the industry development. Thus, a brand-new technology makes use of high temperatures (1,900°C – 4,000°C) to instantly destroy the harmful components. Designed for pharmaceutical and chemical industries, the technology demonstrates unparalleled efficiency and lower maintenance expenses; the prospects are even more exciting – making the technology available for the wider usage. With this scale technological advances recycling is on the edge of a technogenic revolution.